Ilha Grande Island -Everything you have to know



Ilha Grande Island


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Ilha Grande Island is a mesmerizing destination that offers a great variety of activities to enjoy. Whether you are looking for a relaxing day by the beach, a thrilling adventure in the mountains, or an active day full of activities, Ilha Grande Island has something for everyone. With its picturesque landscapes and natural wonders, Ilha Grande Island is a place where you can escape the everyday hustle and bustle of life.

Ilha Grande Island


Ilha Grande Island is a volcanic island in the Azores archipelago that was first settled by the Portuguese in 1427. It was named Ilha dos Cabritos, or island of the goats, because of its abundance of Caprinaea shrubs and trees. The island became known as Ilha Grande during Portuguese colonization due to its large size. After being seized by Brazil from Portugal in 1808, it became part of the colony of Rio de Janeiro until1822 when it became a part of Portugal again.

Island life

Ilha Grande Island life

The abundant vegetation and stunning views make island life a magnificent experience. The island is the perfect place to unwind, explore its natural wonders, and simply soak up some peace and quiet.

Famous places

Ilha Grande Famous places

Many of Ilha Grande Island’s best landmarks are isolated from civilization but easily accessible by boat or car tour from other locations on the island e.g.: Ouvejo Rock is an iconic rock formation located in Praia da Rosa where visitors can observe wildlife living among its abundant greenery; Praia de Porto Santo features beautiful beaches ideal for swimming with crystal clear waters that revolve around lush vegetation peculiar to these parts ; and Praia da Tirra, a beach close to the island capital, offers panoramic views of sunrise.



Ilha Grande Island enjoys a temperate climate, with average temperatures ranging from 18 to 24 degrees Celsius. The island is also subject to occasional fogs, which can be heavy and last for several days. The island is also subject to occasional fogs, which can be heavy and last for several days.

Travelling by land on the island reveals a landscape of eucalyptus forests, meadows covered in wildflowers, and spectacular views across oceanic islands located between Ponta da Ferrada (the western end) and Porto Santo Island (which feature small white sand beaches). Inland are mountains, mainly formed from basalt lava flows that extend up through lower elevations near Lagoas e Viçosa Crater; these include Ribeira de São Domingos and Ribeira do Curium, which are characterized by deep ravines.


The island is home to a number of Portuguese touristic icons e.g.: the Lagos de Ilha Grande, known as one of Europe’s finest natural lagoons and a UNESCO World Heritage Site; Praia da Tirrawith its picturesque cobbled streets and 17th century churches; the Casa do Penedo, an 18th-century manor house that overlooks Lagoas e Viçosa Crater from its elevated perch; the ruins of Estaleiro de Pedra Salgada, once an important shipbuilding center for connecting northern Portugal with Brazil ; and Vila Militar, a former Portuguese fort that once served as the island’s military headquarters.

The island features one chartered university – Instituto Superior de Ciências e Tecnologia do Alto Ave, which offers courses in marine biology, zoology and human geography ; five secondary schools; two medical clinics; two banks (and a cash-advance service); six churches: an Anglican community church (St Andrews Church) dating from 1828 with its own park where locals gather to enjoy nature walks; Coimbra Chapel dates back to 1732 and was remodeled between 2007 and 2011.



The island is part of the Autonomous Region of Madeira, which has its own regional government and parliament. The island is a major port, 2 km off the Portuguese mainland at Porto Santo e Caima (Portuguese: Oporto Santa Margarida e Maio).

The island has a substantial hydroelectric power infrastructure. An underground water tunnel connects to Algarve’s main aquifer, providing drinking water for most of the island that receives little rainfall annually and is thus dependent on desalination or river spring runoff during summer months.

Government services

Government Services

The island has its own regional government, parliament, and courts. The President of the Regional Government is the head of autonomous region. In addition to administration tasks such as budgets, law enforcement, education and public works there are also powers over taxation including a right to levy a ‘solidarity tax’.



Agriculture dominates the economy with sugar cane (the island’s historical crop), potatoes and tobacco being main crops. Tourism is another important sector with visitors coming for both leisure activities such as beach-going, swimming and diving; sporting events like Festa da Madeira handball finals and sailing regattas; summer festivals like Festa de Santo António, held annually on the first Saturday of June, during which streets are decorated with flowers.

An increased public transportation system has led to an increase in tourism over recent years along with new apartments and houses for sale since its peak property boom after World War II.


Ilha Grande Island is an uninhabited island located in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. Ilha Grande was discovered in 1501 by Portuguese explorers and was given its current name in 1683 by the French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle. The island is a protected area and its resources are currently being exploited by a Brazilian company.


What Is The Climate On Ilha Grande Island?

The island has a subtropical climate with hot, humid summers and mild winter months.

How Can I Get To Ilha Grande Island?

There are no regular commercial flights to Ilha Grande Island, however there are a number of charter flights that operate from various Brazilian cities each year. The most common option is to fly into Santos Dumont Airport in Sao Paulo, Brazil and then take a taxi or bus ride to the island. Alternatively, you can also travel by sea via Foz do Iguacu Port in Brazil, although this can take a long time and hiring a boat is expensive.

How Much Does It Cost To Visit Ilha Grande Island?

Visiting Ilha Grande Island can be relatively expensive, depending on the type of trip you take. Charter flights and island tours are typically more expensive than travelling by bus or taxi from a Brazilian city.

Is There Any Wildlife On Ilha Grande Island?

Ilha Grande is home to a variety of different animals, including turtles, monkeys, iguanas and parrots. However, the island is not well protected from humans and so there is a chance that you may spot some tourists trying to capture an animal for a picture.

Can I Contact The Island Authorities Or Tourism Center?

The island has no permanent residents, so you will not be able to communicate with anyone whilst on Ilha Grande Island. There is a small tourism office in Foz do Iguacu, where tourists are required to pay an entrance fee and purchase some complimentary tourist maps for use after their visit (approximately R$10).

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