Barrallier Island



Barrallier Island


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The Barrallier Islands are a group of small, coral islands and rocks located in the middle of the Bass Strait between Tasmania and Victoria, Australia.

The islands are named after Jean-François-Barrallier, the French navigator who discovered them on July 21, 1770. With a total area of 227 hectares (590 acres), they were declared a National Park in 1992 and are managed by the Tasmanian Wildlife Service. The islands are known for their rare flora and fauna, including the endangered Tasmanian tiger.

Barrallier Island



The Barrallier Islands were first sighted by Jean-François-Barrallier on July 21, 1770. He named them after Philippe Jacques de La Barre, Controller of the Navy at Brest. It was not until 1802 that they were charted and named by George Bass while in command of HMS Discovery.

The islands became a National Park in 1992. The islands were mined from 1914 to 1987 for manganese nodule deposits, though exploitation ceased in 1983. Mere suited as a base for scientific surveys during hunting trips by Dr J E Franklin and F Wilkinson, who also explored small parts of Macquarie Island (1821–22) and Norfolk Island (1824).



The climate of the Barrallier Islands is temperate marine with a mean temperature of 21.7 °C (71.1 °F). The islands are prone to cyclones and tropical storms and get plenty of rainfall, with an average yearly total of 760 mm (30 in). Most of the rainfall occurs between November and April, while January to October has a rather dry climate. The high evaporation rate also creates sea breezes which can be strong in spots.


The indigenous people of the Barrallier Islands are the Tasmanian Aboriginal people. They continue to practice a mix of traditional and Western lifestyle, employing some aspects of their traditional culture while adapting to life in an industrialized society. The native language of the population has been estimated to be in excess of 30 different languages, which are now extinct.

The Barrallier House School was listed on the Tasmanian Heritage Register and closed in 2003 after 156 years due to limited numbers attending school.


The islands are an Australian federal territory and part of the Federal Division of Bass Strait. Australian Capital Territory (ACT) representatives in the House of Representatives sit on their respective territories and not their federal seats.

The local government authority is The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Cavan, which operates as a shadow territory under Australian federal jurisdiction and the Northern Territory Administrative Council.

Government Services

The territory is serviced by the Australian Federal Police and Australian Defence Force. Policing and law enforcement is provided by the Australian Federal Police (AFP) as well as Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service. There are resort-style accommodation facilities on Dirk Hartog Island which includes all provisions necessary to maintain a normal schedule, including medical services for evacuation of sick or injured individuals. This service is operated jointly with the Commonwealth Military Forces under state commissioner Robert O’Donnell.



Tourism is an important industry in Tasmania with visitors coming to enjoy its natural attractions, rural and rolling landscape, as well as its lively nightlife. Important tourism destinations include Hobart Town and the Derwent Valley. The Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area was inscribed by UNESCO on 9 December 1988.



The main transport links to Tasmania are via air and sea. The Tasman Sea International Airport is the fastest-growing airport in Australia, with capacity for over 2 million passengers per year.

The airport is located 12 km from the main city of Hobart with transport to other parts of Tasmania connecting through multiple modes, including fastferry which provides a service between its wharf in Hobart and Devonport.  The air link into Australia’s capital Canberra and Brisbane are each approximately 1 hour 45 minutes away.


Tasmania’s cuisine is a fusion of British, Irish and mainland Australian influences. Popular dishes include lamb shanks, salmon with dill mayonnaise, Tasmanian devil pizza and Tasmania blackberry cake. Natural features, especially those representative of Tasmania’s importance to Australia as an island continent in the Quaternary Era during Gondwana- mutualistic relationship with plants, animals and fungi.

Tasmanian alpine vegetation is most similar to species found on New Zealand or mainland Australia rather than continental Antarctica which it resembles like a fingerprint due mainly to Tasmania being exposed but not cold enough for glaciers.


Tasmanian wildlife is diverse, with many endemic species that are unique to the island. The Tasmanian Devil is Tasmania’s most famous wild animal and is considered a global critically endangered species. Other significant animals include kangaroos, wombats, owls and echidnas. The sight of a wild kangaroo hopping across the spot is a popular form of transport into Tasmania from Melbourne.

Over 200 species live in Tasmania, including mammals such as wombats and Tasmanian devils, fish such as crayfish, eels etc., birds like emus this island is also home to the largest extinct land animal Perdiculasuchus named after four-headed snake


Tasmania has up to 6 33 species of vascular plants and 700 Antarctic silverwort. The abundance of native flowering plants is diverse due to the island’s varying habitats from alpine summits that have a cooler, wetter climate comparing to other islands and mainland Australia..

Best time to go: Autumn or spring for fresh snow on the coast up north. Also don’t miss the Australian carnival in Hobart over February – March (Bicentennial). Summer can be even hotter than Melbourne in Australia and best time to go to Stanley island, which has wildflowers over summer. (note also the Black alligator is there but very rare though may be from Texas or Georgia)

Food: The Australian diet largely consists of fast food such as hamburgers and hotdogs but really makes for a unique experience after only two months on our home continent we were so craving the handmade delicious local kangaroo meat burgers!


Looking for a place to escape the hustle and bustle of city life? Barrallier Island is the perfect place for you! This picturesque destination offers a tranquil oasis in the middle of the city, complete with white sand beaches, crystal-clear waters, and lush forests. If you’re looking to take some time out and relax, Barrallier Island is the perfect getaway.


1.What Are The Main Attractions On Barrallier Island?

Ans. The main attractions on Barrallier Island include its beautiful white sand beaches, crystal-clear waters, and dense forests.

2.Is There Accommodation Available On Barrallier Island?

Ans. Yes, there is accommodation available on Barrallier Island ranging from simple camping sites to luxurious resorts.

3.What Is The Climate Like On Barrallier Islands?

Ans. The climate on Barrallier Islands is tropical and varies according to location.

4.What Kind Of Animal Life Can Be Found On The Islands?

Ans. There are many animals in common with mainland Australia, including dingoes, koalas, Tasmanian devils (also known as thylacines), wombats, black cockatoos, treecreepers etc., as well as some native species of flora such as red gums. There are also a few outlying islands that are home to some of the critically endangered species, including the Tasmanian Tiger.

5.How Long Have They Been Known As Barrallier Islands?

Ans. Barrallier Islands were first named in 1826 by Matthew Flinders under the name “Barro Island”. They featured a variety of foods and native plants not found on Tasmania’s mainland coast at this time, therefore giving their current names: Bicheno Harbour, Whitemark Beach and Bushy Cape.

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